Many Japanese are familiar with the phrase from the Chinese classics, "de shou ying xin (learning with one's hands and executing with one's heart)." At Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., we focus on ying xin (or "ou shin" in Japanese) and try to transmit the wisdom of this phrase to younger generations.
At our company, "ou shin" is the name of the dormitory attached to the technical workers' training facility that was constructed 70 years ago on the premises of Itami Works. Because of the importance of the facilities as places of learning for young workers who will go on to lead the company, the naming was entrusted to Masatsune Ogura, Sumitomo's sixth Director General, who chose "ou shin" for the dormitory from the well-known passage in "The Way of Heaven" by the Chinese philosopher Zhuangzi (369?286 BCE).
The passage is reproduced in context and commented in the book Shokugyo to Jinsei (Work and Life) written by Yoshio Tanaka, another great Sumitomo Electric elder, who served as the Company's practical top leader before the Second World War and as the Chairman of Osaka City Board of Education in the post-war years:
"In the Spring and Autumn Period of China (771?476 BC), a master wheelwright, Bian, said to the Duke Huan of the state of Qi (Qi Huan Gong): "What is most difficult in my work is fitting the inner part of the wheel to the outer rim. This seemingly simple task is in fact the most difficult… To master this, one must learn it with one's hands and execute it with one's heart. There is a knack in adjusting the movements of one's hands just right. This must be personally acquired, for it cannot be explained verbally or written with words. The right movements are subtle and cannot be modified even by the width of a hair. To master these movements, a worker must totally dedicate himself to practical training and repeat by trial and error; otherwise, the knack will never be his."